Problem of Population is getting serious day by day. It is a serious problem to Indian economy and human Population control is a measure to control increasing population in India. It is necessary to take right steps to control the birth rate so that Government can improve people’s live by giving them proper education, medical facilities and by giving them proper knowledge on reproduction. Many population control methods are being use today some ethical and some unethical ones like contraception, abortion, infanticide, sterilization, etc.
A Fact: India’s population has reached a whooping 1.2 Billion.
Top 10 ways to control population in India are:
Government of India has made many laws regarding raising the minimum age of females marriage, education upto high secondary , abolition of child labour and others. Family Planning is also a measure made by Government and Government should take strict steps and make laws against the people who does not follow it.
The publicity of Family planning measure and population control method should be widespread so that it reach the people of rural areas. People will get to know about it from T.V, Newspapers, Radio. They should understand that family planning measure is not bad and small family is a happy family.
The government should give money, incentives and awards to people for adopting and promoting family planning measures. This will help in promoting this measure, more and more people will adopt family planning and birth rate will get reduce.
7. Family Planning Facilities
Family planning facilities and centers are set up only at urban or semi-urban areas. The poor people of rural area are not aware about family planning plans, which is increasing the birth rate. So Government should take steps in promoting the family planning measures and set up family planning centers in rural areas so that people get aware and help in reducing the birth rate.
6. Women Education and Employment
In India, women are not so educated and have less opportunities for employment. Government should make more plans and take effective steps to promote women education and create opportunities for employment so that women themselves understand the worse effect of population and help in controlling it.
5. Spread of Education
Most of the population in India is illiterate. They are not aware of the worse affects of the increase rate of Population and think children are the gift of God. An educated and employed man understands the value of small family. So Education should be given in every big or small areas of India to control the population.
4. Lowering Infant Mortality Rate
In India, Infant Mortality Rate is about 72 per thousand. Poor People have more children as they think their children will survive and will earn and it also causes child labour in our country. The proper precautions and medical facilities should be provided to reduce infant mortality rate.
3. Late marriage
In India, girls get marry at an early age which is increasing the birth rate as they get long time to produce children. If we increase the minimum age of girls marriage from 16 to 20, much of the problem will get control itself.
2. Urbanization and Industrialization
In India, Joint families are at high rate which is a big reason behing the increase of birth rate. Everyone should promote the nuclear family system. Mostly nuclear families are found in industry or metropolitan areas where people are educated and earning at high rate. We should make great contribution to make our economy and culture educated.
1. Increase in Income
To control the population rate, the best method is to increase the income rate. In many countries, this method is being used and results in low birth rate. When people get high income, they do not desire for more children as they are earning high, so they dont feel the need of depending on their children. Increase in income will give a secure and positive feeling in Indian’s and birth rate will get reduce positively.