In this world there are endless animal and bird species of different types and size. Numerous animals are there which are at the extend of extinction but it’s very difficult to find species of extinction due to variant size, type and color being scientifically approved. Based on these distinctions animal species are many from big cats to small animals. There are various animals which few years back their number was great but slowly due to climatic and many other reasons they have declined. Here are some rarest animal species.
10. Indian Wild Ass
Indian Wild Ass is also known as ‘’Khur’’ which is different from African wild ass species. This animal possesses erect dark mane which starts from head till neck followed by dark brown stripe along the back till root of the tail. Earlier this species was extended from Little Rann of Kutch till the state of Rajasthan. But now this species has suffered from a disease known as ‘’Surra’’ by flies which resulted in sudden extinction of the species. Apart from this disease another reason for its decline is habitat degradation due to salt activities. In 1961, this species was reduced to just 870 and now we rarely find them.
9. Lion Tailed Macaque
This species is an Old world monkey endemic to the western Ghats of south India. This monkey is black in colour having head body length of 42 to 60cms and 2 to 10 kgs in weight. A few years back these were recorded 3000- 3500 in Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu but now theses have been recorded as one of the most fastest rarest endangered species. These species have declined to the number of 338 due to spread of agriculture, tea, power generation and other activities of human settlements. Their avoidance by humans and habitat destruction resulted in drastic decrease in their population.
8. Wild Buffalo
This species is also known as Gaur or Indian Bison which is considered largest among wild cattle habitat of south-east Asia and south Asia. This species is huge and massively large whose weight ranges from 650 to 1000kg and head body length of 250 to 330cm. These are confined o evergreen and deciduous forests in china, Thailand, Myanmar and many more regions. They are threatened by poaching and regular trade.
7. Kashmir Stag
Kashmir Stag is native animal of Jammu and Kashmir and also known as Hangul which is sub species of red deer. This deer is brown in color without tail with speckling on the hairs. This species lives in groups in dense forests in Chamba, Himachal Pradesh and the mountains of Kashmir. In the 20th century these deer’s were recorded to be 5000 but slowly and steadily they were threatened by over grazing, poaching and habitat destruction by domestic livestock. These were reduced to 150 but now J&K government has taken the initiative and started the project to protect these animals.
6. Indian Leopard
This is one of the leopard subspecies and is considered to be one of them out of five big cats widely distributed in subcontinents. They are distributed all over Asia from Himalayas till Bangladesh and Pakistan inhabiting rain forests, Temperate, deciduous and coniferous forests. Usually their body length grow from 4.25 to 6.25 and weigh around 60 kg. Indian leopards are threaten by illegal wildlife trade practices and poaching due to negligence of Indian Government as it is banned to use animal skin but still leopad skin is used resulting in extinction of these species.
5. Indian Elephant
Indian Elephant is one out of three subspecies of Asian Elephant and native of Asia but they are recorded 50% less since 1986. No doubt Asian elephants are smaller than African ones but they have highest body points on head for which considered huge and famous animal of India. They have 19 pairs of ribs and weigh 2000 to 5000kg with shoulder height between 2-3.5m. These elephants are mainly the habitats of Nepal, Thailand, China, Malay Peninsular and Vietnam on the other hand inhabit dry deciduous and evergreen forests. There is a significant loss of them and habitat as they do not find any free movement area due to reservoirs, hydroelectric projects ,cultivation and plantations and industrial development.
4. Black Buck
The Black Buck is a species of antelope which is considered to be one of the fastest animals found in India. Being a threat of poaching, habitat destruction, overgrazing, and diseases this species is at the extend of extinction but currently some wildlife found in India the parks and zoos are this animal to save them. These are usually found in the herd of 15 to 20 with distinctive horns ringed with one to four spiral turns which are 30 inches long. Their body length range upto five feet with three feet in shoulder height.
3. One Horned Rhino
It is the fourth largest land animal which comes in the category of Rhinocerotidae family. This Indian Rhinoceros is the large mammal found in north eastern parts of India and extends till Indo Gangetic plains. They typically weighs between 1600 to 3500kg and recorded second in size among terrestrial land mammals. In the year 2007, these were estimated to be 2575 out of which 2000lives in Indian area. During 1800’s and early 1900’s, Indian rhinos were threatened due to sports hunting and poaching which resulted in continous extinction.
2.Golden Tabby Tiger
This type of tiger is also known as strawberry tiger and it has its origin in Bengal. These are found in captivity and where there is high concentration of clay in the soil. Due to color deficiency these tigers are also at the edge of extinction as during 1900’s these have their origin but now they are just 30.
This species is a north American canid on the other hand we can see them roaming till south eastern United states. These are mostly the habitat of swamps, agricultural fields and where they found their prey population adequate. Total length with tail is 111-165cm on the other hand weigh almost from 16-41kg. Due to climatic changes and natural phenomenons these species are decreasing.