Festivals in India are an essential part of people’s life. Festivals of India depict the rich cultural and heritage of the country. In India, a festival plays an important role in day to day life. They offer people a temporary stay from their daily routine. Here each, festival is celebrated with great pomp and show. The day on which particular festival is celebrated, has a special importance, and certain observations in it. So here are some of the most popular festival of India which show customs and traditions of particular country.
Lohri is an enormously popular festival celebrated by Punjabi’s with great enthusiasm. It is celebrated throughout the Punjab and in chunks of Himachal Pradesh, Delhi and Jammu also. It is celebrated on 13th January and signifies the beginning of the end of winters. It is particularly celebrated for successful harvest of Rabi crops. On this day people exchange gifts with each other and in the evening they gather around the bonfire and offer til, popcorn and peanuts to the flames. Every one enjoy with great joy by singing songs, dancing etc.
9. Ram Navami
Ram Navmi is a Hindu festival celebrated all over India. It is celebrated because on this day Lord Ram was born to king Dasharatha in Ayodhya. He was the 7th avatar of Lord Vishnu. It is celebrated on the ninth day of the month of chitra in Hindu calendar. On this day people go to temple and keep fast ask for excellence. This festival is celebrated with great eagerness and excitement. On this day people take their children out on roads to watch other people dressed up like different gods and move in a procession on roads.
8. Maha Shivratari
Maha Shivratari means “The Great Night of SHIVA”. It is a Hindu festival celebrated every year in devotion of Lord Shiva. It is a festival celebrated all over the country with great pleasure and delight. During this day people visit Shiv temple and offer Water, Beal Patra, Fruits, coconut and Flowers on the Shivling and his celestial partner Lord Parvati. Some people keep fast on this day to fulfill their wish.
7. Ganesh Chaturthi
Ganesh Chaturthi is a festival of hindus and is celebrated on occasion of birthday of lord Ganesh. Lord Ganesh the son of “Lord Shiv and Parvati” is widely worshipped as the god of wisdom and prosperity. The model of Lord ganesha starts to make 2-3 months before Ganesh Chaturthi. On the day of this festival people take their God (Lord Ganesha) to their home and placed them in their home temple and decorate them with flowers, to pay them tribute. People offer them Fruits Coconut, jaggery, 21 modakas, 21 durva and flowers, This festival is celebrated for 10 days starting on Shukla Chaturthi and ending on Ananta Chaturdashi. Then on 11th day the image is taken on streets while dancing and singing to immersed in a river or sea symbolizing a formal see-off of the Lord Ganesha and taking the promise to come back again next year to spread happiness and love in the hearts of every people of India. This festival is celebrated all over India, it is most ornate in Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka and Goa.
Onam is a Hindu festival. It is the fruitage featival of Kerela which is celebrated with great fun and dedication by the peoples of Kerela without any difference of cast and religion across India and the World. This feastival falls between August- September and last for 10 days. Being a harvest festival, it is time to thank God for the plentiful crops. A number of ceremonies are performed during the ten days which include worshipping, music, dances, sports, boat races and good food.
Dussehra is a Hindu festival. It celebrates the victory of good over evil. According to Hindu Mythology it is assumed that it was on this day that Lord Rama killed Ravana and saved his wife Sita. In other words, it celebrates the success of Lord Rama over Ravana. This festival is celebrated all over India with great interest. Today, in India we celebrate Dussehra by burning statues of Ravana, his giant brother Kumbhkarna and son Meghnath with fireworks and crackers. A large mass of people come together to see this fair. This celebration is done in the evening and on this day it is gazetted holiday in India.
Janamashtmi is an illustrious Hindu festival celebrated all over India with great dedication and eagerness on the ashtmi of Krishna Paksh in Bhadon. It is the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna the eighth avatar of Lord Vishnu. One of the most acclaimed personifications in the Hindu Dharma. On this day people keep fast and stay up until the midnight, the time when Krishna is believed to have been born. On this day people gathered in the temples for devotional songs and dance. Statue of lord Krishna infancy is placed in swings and cradles in temples and homes. In the south western state of Maharashtra, people hang a pot high above the ground and groups of young people form a pyramid and try to reach the pot and break it. Lord Krishna’s, Birth place Mathura and Vrindavan celebrate this occasion with great splendor and show. On this day Raslilas or religious plays are performed to reinvent occurrences from the life of Krishna.
Holi is festival of colors that brings to the fore various shades of friendship. It is one of the major festival of India. It brings with it utmost joy and warmth. Holi is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Phalgun which marks the beginning of Spring Season. According to Hindu Mythology Holi celebrates the victory of ‘Good’ over ‘Bad’. This colorful festival bonds the gap and restarts sweet relationships. On this day people rub ‘Gulal’ and threw ‘Water’ on each other. People also Hug each other and wish them “Happy Holi”.
2. Durga Puja
Durga Puja is a Hindu festival that celebrates worship of the Hindu goddess Durga. It is a largest and most important festival for Bengalis. It is celebrated in the month of September/October every year. It is celebrated because on this day Godess Durga killed Mahisasur, a powerful daemon. It is celebrated in the last five days of Navratri. It is a festival celebrated similar to Ganesh Chaturthi. On the start the statue of Maa Durga is installesd in homes and after five days it is immersed in water with music and dance. It is the biggest festival in Bengal as they celebrate life, culture, popular customs and traditions. It’s time to celebrate in the beauty and sanctifications of Maa Durga.
Diwali or Deepawali is popularly known as festival of lights. Diwali is celebrated because on this day Lord Rama with his wife Sita and brother Lakshaman after killing Ravan came back to Ajodhya after 14 years long exile. Diwali is the biggest festival of the year and is celebrated with great enthusiasm in India. On this day people light up Diyas and Candles all around their house. They also decorate their house by making Rangoli on entrance gate. In the evening they preform Laxmi Puja and pursue heavenly blessings of goodness and wealth. Then at night people celebrate by burning crackers and fireworks. On this day people also exchange gifts with all their near and dear ones.