Rivers and lakes are the main source of water supply and irrigation in the World. About 3 % of the water present on the earth surface is good for drinking while the rest is saline. Longest rivers in the world are classify on the basis of their length and the area they cover. The length of the rivers are calculated with approximation in Kilo Meter. Longest rivers are also prone to many difficulties like their maintenance and their care. So, if you are planning holiday then you must go and see the longest rivers of the world and enjoy the natural beauty and wildlife. Many species, fauna and flora are only found near surrounding area of these rivers.
Here is the list of top 10 Longest rivers in the World :
Zaire rover also known as Congo river in the ancient period is situated on Congo, Africa. It is the world deepest river with the depth of 720 ft(220 m). It is the largest river on the basics of amount of water discharged. Zaire has length of 4,700 km (2,920 mi) which makes it one of the longest river of the World. Countries like Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of Congo lies on the bank of the river. It covers drainage basin of over 4,014,500 square kilometers (1,550,000 sq mi) and is the second largest rain fall region in that area. It contribute to the south Africa trade by providing products like coffee, sugar, cotton, palm oil and copper.
Amur or Heilong river is one of the longest river of Russia. It form a border between Northeast China and Russian Far East. It has the largest fish species that have length of 5.6 meters. The length of the river is 2,824 km (1,755 mi) and it rises in the hills of Manchuria. Many bridges and tunnels are constructed along the river for its maintenance.
Parana is the also one of the longest river that flows through South Central America and also covers Brazil, Argentina and Paraguay. The length of the river is 4,880 km (3,032 mi). It ranked second river after Amazon river as the longest river in America. It creates a massive watershed along with its tributaries. It is main sources of income for the fisherman as the fishes like surubi and sabalo are exported to many parts of world and are great in demand.
Yenisei is the largest river flowing through Arctic Ocean. The length of the river is 5,539 km (3,442 mi) and its maximum depth is 80 feet (24 m) and its average depth is 45 feet (14 m). The depth of inflow of the river is 106 feet (32 m) while its outflow is 101 feet (31 m). It drains a large part of central Siberia.It has many tributaries and reaches kara sea where it remain icebound for a year.
6. Huang Ho (Yellow)
Huang Ho also known as yellow river is the second largest river of china after Yangtze. The length of the river is 5,464 km (3,395 mi). The river originates from Bayan Har mountains in western China and flows through nine provinces of china and empties into Bohai Sea. The total basin area of the river is 742,443 km² (290,520 mi²). It is also known as the ‘the cradle of Chinese civilization’ as the Wei valley cuts the ordos loop which was the birthplace of Chinese ancient civilization and the most developed region in Chinese history.
Ob river also known as Ob is the longest river of Russia and world’s fifth largest river in the World
. Ob river gulf has the world largest estuary. The length of the river is 2,962 km (1,841 mi) and forms 16 miles southwest of Biysk. The river is mostly used for water generating electricity , irrigation and for fishing purposes. The area of the river is also used for the shipping purpose. It has has many tributaries and has a large basin.
4. Chang Jiang (Yangtze)
Chang Jiang river or yangtze river is the longest river in Asia and fourth longest river in world. The total length of the river is 6,300 km (3,915 mi). It drains one-fifth of the land area of the Republic of China and its river basin is the home of one-third people f Republic Of China. It is also one of the largest river that discharge volume in the World. It also forms history, culture and economy of the china like yellow river. It is a habitat of many species like Yangtze sturgeon and Chinese alligator. From last year, the river has suffered from pollution, agricultural run-off and loss of wetlands and elks that has damage many sections surrounding river and cause seasonal flooding.
3. Mississippi-Missouri-Red Rock
The Mississippi is the largest river of North America and third longest river in the World. It flow through USA buts its drainage system is also in Canada and drains 31 US states and 2 provisions of Canada. The total length of the river is 2,320 mi (3,734 km).
Amazon river is the second largest and longest river in the World. The total length of the river is 6,400 km (4,000 mi). It has the largest water flow discharge that counts equal to the average of the seven rivers. It also has largest drainage basin that covers the area of around 7,050,000 square kilometres (2,720,000 sq mi) and its width varies from 1.6 to 10 kilometers and expand to 48 kilometers or more in the wet season.
Nile is the longest river in the world and is situated in Africa. It is major liver flowing in Northeastern Africa. The river is estimated to be 6,650 km (4,130 miles) long. It has 2 tributaries known as Whitle Nile and blue Nile. The white Nile is longer and rinses in the great lake region of central Africa and the blue Nile is the main source of fertile soil and water. It flows to the Sudan from the southeast. The tributaries of Nile river meet near the Khartoum which is the capital of Sudan.