Web browsers are a type of software applications which enables the user to retrieve, access and transfer information from internet. The information can be in the form of images, videos, files etc., each having a specific Uniform Resource Locator (URL) associated with it. The user requests for the information, retrieves it and then views it. This information can further be used to fetch new information. Mostly all the web browsers allow the user to access multiple information sources at the same time either by opening different browser windows or opening different tabs in the same window. This greatly facilitates speed and performance. Following are the top ten web browsers :
10. Epic browser
Epic is the first Indian web browser developed in July 2010 by Hidden Reflex. It is an open source web browser which runs on Microsoft Windows base. Various widgets like social networking, e-mail facility, web installable apps, snippet tool and chat box option. ESET produced Epic’s first virus protection in a browser. More than 1500 applications are claimed to be supported by this browser. It has preinstalled Indian wallpapers and themes. It is available in 13 Indian and few foreign languages like Arabic, Chinese, Greek, Russian, Persian and Sinhalese.
9. Rockmelt browser
8. Avant browser
Avant is a free web browser developed by a Chinese programmer named Anderson Che. It runs on the Trident layout engine. It supports interfaces like Windows 2000 and above (including windows 7) and Internet Explorer Version 6 to 9. Its version 2012 was launched in two editions – Ultimate and Lite Edition. The former runs on the Gecko layout engine allowing the user to choose from both the available engines while the latter supports only the Trident layout engine. It is available in 41 different languages. Various mesmerizing features include undo option for last 25 closed tabs, restoring tabs even after the system crashes, multiple homepages and tabbing.
7. Flock browser
Flock is a web browser which is freely available and mainly runs on operating systems like Mac OS, Linux and Windows. It was designed especially to enhance social networking and web 2.0 facilities. This was however halted in April 2011. But in the next April its website again came into limelight when it asked users to sign up for email enabled news. It supports widgets like MySpace, Facebook, Twitter and other popular social networking sites. Other features include third party add-ons, RSS Reader, etc.
6. Maxthon browser
Maxthon is also known as MyIE2 is a free web browser available for Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows. Its mobile web browser is known by the name of Maxthon mobile and is available for android and iOS. Its latest version uses Trident and Webkit layout engine. It supports multiple features like tabbed windows, undo option for tabs which are accidentally closed, RSS Reader, Adobe player, Java applet, automatic updates and integrated web services. Its various versions are version 1.x, version 2.x and version 3.x.
5. Opera browser
Opera is an open source web browser which was developed by Opera software and has 270 million users worldwide. It was first released in 1996. It is also available as a mobile web browser under the name of Opera Mini. It runs on a variety of operating systems such as Microsoft Windows, OS X, Linux, FreeBSD. It has many special features like tabbed browsing, download manager, sending and receiving e-mails and many more. It is available in 56 different languages. Opera is a highly secure browser which is capable of detecting all the security flaws and breaches. It has been declared as the most popular mobile web browser according to the Stat Counter.
4. Safari browser
Safari was released by Apple Inc. and initially included operating systems like Mac OS and iOS. It was released on 7 January 2007. It is licensed under GNU Lesser General Public License. It was initially the default web browser for Mac OS X v10.3. Later in June 2007, a version of the safari was made available for Windows Vista, Windows XP and Windows 7. Safari began its journey from Safari 1 and its present version is Safari 6. It offers a pool of features to its users like bookmarking, auto filling, resizable web search boxes, spell checking and many more.
3. Mozilla Firefox
Mozilla Firefox is an open source web browser which supports operating systems like Mac OS X, Microsoft Windows and Linux and is licensed under a Mozilla public license. Mozilla Firefox was developed by the joint efforts of Mozilla Corporation and Mozilla Foundation on April 3, 2003. It is one of the most popular web browsers according to many sources. It uses the Gecko layout engine and its latest versions are released in 77 different languages. It has gone through various changes in its name since its inception varying from Phoenix to Firebird which was further modified to Mozilla Firebird. Mozilla Firebird finally was named Mozilla Firefox in the year 2004. It supports various features like multiple tab windows, spell checking, bookmarking and a download manager.
2. Internet explorer
Internet explorer was developed by Microsoft Corporation and it is by default available with the Windows operating system. It was released in the year 1995 and its latest stable release is Internet Explorer 9 which is available for Windows 7, Windows Vista SP2, Windows Server 2008, Windows Server 2008 R2. It has gone through many phases from Internet Explorer 1 to Internet Explorer 10. It allows the user to open only one tab at a time thus limiting its usage and speed. It is vulnerable to a number of security threats. The latest version supports only Windows XP Service Pack 2 but some versions like 5.0, 5.5, 6.0, 7.0 unofficially support Linux operating system.
1. Google chrome